Encounter the flames to teach you ten strokes quot; quot; hedge
The two main aspects of the casualties caused by fire: one is the smoke gas suffocation, two is the flame burns and powerful radiation. As long as it can avoid or reduce the two harm, can protect their safety, alleviate the damage. Therefore, multi master some fire self-help tips, difficulties may can gain second life.
1 fire self-help, always pay attention to escape Road
The structure of each person on their own work, study or living building and escape path to do to understand somewhat, must be familiar with the method of building fire facilities and self rescue escape. So, when the fire occurs, it will not be driven into a corner. When you are in unfamiliar environment, be sure to watch the evacuation routes, safety exit and staircase position, so that the key to flee the scene as soon as possible.
2 put out a small fire, benefit others and themselves
When there is a fire, if the fire is small, and not to cause great threat, should make full use of the surrounding fire equipment, such as fire extinguishers, fire hydrant facilities will be small, put out the fire control. Don't be confound at their directions, or the others to disregard and self-centered "sneak out", or buy small fire had inflicted on lead.
3 caught fire, keep calm speed evacuated
Suddenly faced with smoke and fire, must keep calm, quickly judge dangerous place and safe place, decided to escape to evacuate Xiande as soon as possible. Don't blindly follow the flow of people and pushing each other, blunt rampant. Only cool, to come up with a good solution.
4 as soon as possible out of the woods, cherish life Liancai Mo
In a fire, life is more than money. The danger, escape is heavy, must seize every minute and second, remember not money.
5 rapid evacuation, crawl Mo standing
In the evacuation of fire site, when the smoke, the line of sight is not clear, makes you breathless, don't stand up and walk, should quickly climbed on the ground or squat down, to find out the way to escape.
6 use channel, only take the lift
When a fire occurs, can use the stairs safety export outside, still can use buildings balcony, windowsill, sunroof, climb to a safe location around, or along the ground, lightning conductor structure projections slide down the stairs.
7 fireworks besieged, hedge adherence to do it
When the escape routes cut and a short time when no rescue, can adopt find or create shelter, adherence to the kind of way. First of all should be vital to meet the fire doors, fire open back door, with a wet towel, wet cloth under water wet quilt or blocked by doors and windows, and then keep water drenching room, prevent smoke infiltration, adherence to aid.
8 jump off building art, life insurance and to not harm
Many people choose to jump off building fire escape. Jump off building to speak skills, jump off building should be central to the life-saving air jump or select a pool, soft awning, meadow direction jump; if possible, try to embrace some quilts, sofa cushion loose items or open large umbrella jump, in order to reduce the impact force.
9 fire and oneself, on-site stampedes roll Mo
The fire his clothes caught on fire, should be to try to take off clothes or roll over on the ground, put out the flames; can promptly jumped into the water or let a person to water, spray extinguisher is more effective.
10 the danger, self-help MO forget save others
Any person who finds a fire, should as soon as possible to dial "119" telephone call, promptly to report a fire.
In light of recent celebrity photo leaks from their cloud accounts, one major topic at this years China Internet Security Conference is cloud security. People have all heard the term "cloud" so many times, but what exactly is it?
The cloud refers to software and services that run on the Internet instead of your computer. Apple’s iCloud, for example, is a popular cloud service, as well as Dropbox and Google Drive.
The advantages of using the cloud? First, you can access your documents, photos and videos from anywhere. Your home, the office, on the train, as long as you’re connected to the Internet. You can also access your files from multiple devices like an iPhone, an iPad or a computer. And to make things even better, you don’t have to worry about backups, because most cloud services automatically saves your data for you.
The only problem is, when you a file from one device, make sure it’s d from the cloud too. Otherwise, a copy of it will be left in the cloud.
Account password security
1. If there is an initial password, it should be changed as soon as
2. The password contains at least 8 characters
3. Do not use single character types, such as lowercase letters only,
or numbers only
4. Do not use the same username and password
5. Common weak passwords should be avoided as passwords
6. Avoid using the names of yourself, family, friends, relatives, and
pets as passwords
7. Do not set personal information such as birthdays, wedding
anniversaries and phone numbers as passwords
8. Avoid using passwords for professional terms and professional
9. The password dictionary should not contain words or insert other
characters into words
10. All systems use different passwords whenever possible
The Origin of Chinese New Year
The Chinese New Year is now popularly known as the Spring Festival because it starts from the Begining of Spring (the first of the twenty-four terms in coodination with the changes of Nature). Its origin is too old to be traced. Several explanations are hanging around. All agree, however, that the word Nian, which in modern Chinese solely means "year", was originally the name of a monster beast that started to prey on people the night before the beginning of a new year.
One legend goes that the beast Nian had a very big mouth that would swallow a great many people with one bite. People were very scared. One day, an old man came to their rescue, offering to subdue Nian. To Nian he said, "I hear say that you are very capable, but can you swallow the other beasts of prey on earth instead of people who are by no means of your worthy opponents?" So, it did swallow many of the beasts of prey on earth that also harrassed people and their domestic animals from time to time.
After that, the old man disappeared riding the beast Nian. He turned out to be an immortal god. Now that Nian is gone and other beasts of prey are also scared into forests, people begin to enjoy their peaceful life. Before the old man left, he had told people to put up red paper decorations on their windows and doors at each year's end to scare away Nian in case it sneaked back again, because red is the color the beast feared the most.
From then on, the tradition of observing the conquest of Nian is carried on from generation to generation. The term "Guo Nian", which may mean "Survive the Nian" becomes today "Celebrate the (New) Year" as the word "guo" in Chinese having both the meaning of "pass-over" and "observe". The custom of putting up red paper and firing fire-crackers to scare away Nian should it have a chance to run loose is still around. However, people today have long forgotten why they are doing all this, except that they feel the color and the sound add to the excitement of the celebration.
The Spring Festival is the most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all family members get together, just like Christmas in the West. All people living away from home go back, becoming the busiest time for transportation systems of about half a month from the Spring Festival. Airports, railway stations and long-distance bus stations are crowded with home returnees.
Strictly speaking, the Spring Festival starts every year in the early days of the 12th lunar month and will last till the mid 1st lunar month of the next year. Of them, the most important days are Spring Festival Eve and the first three days. The Chinese government now stipulates people have seven days off for the Chinese Lunar New Year.
Many customs accompany the Spring Festival. Some are still followed today, but others have weakened.
On the 8th day of the 12th lunar month, many families make laba porridge, a delicious kind of porridge made with glutinous rice, millet, seeds of Job's tears, jujube berries, lotus seeds, beans, longan and gingko.
The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month is called Preliminary Eve. At this time, people offer sacrifice to the kitchen god. Now however, most families make delicious food to enjoy themselves.
After the Preliminary Eve, people begin preparing for the coming New Year. This is called "Seeing the New Year in".
Store owners are busy then as everybody goes out to purchase necessities for the New Year. Materials not only include edible oil, rice, flour, chicken, duck, fish and meat, but also fruit, candies and kinds of nuts. What's more, various decorations, new clothes and shoes for the children as well as gifts for the elderly, friends and relatives, are all on the list of purchasing.
Before the New Year comes, the people completely clean the indoors and outdoors of their homes as well as their clothes, bedclothes and all their utensils.
Then people begin decorating their clean rooms featuring an atmosphere of rejoicing and festivity. All the door panels will be pasted with Spring Festival couplets, highlighting Chinese calligraphy with black characters on red paper. The content varies from house owners' wishes for a bright future to good luck for the New Year. Also, pictures of the god of doors and wealth will be posted on front doors to ward off evil spirits and welcome peace and abundance.
The Chinese character "fu" (meaning blessing or happiness) is a must. The character put on paper can be pasted normally or upside down, for in Chinese the "reversed fu" is homophonic with "fu comes", both being pronounced as "fudaole." What's more, two big red lanterns can be raised on both sides of the front door. Red paper-cuttings can be seen on window glass and brightly colored New Year paintings with auspicious meanings may be put on the wall.
People attach great importance to Spring Festival Eve. At that time, all family members eat dinner together. The meal is more luxurious than usual. Dishes such as chicken, fish and bean curd cannot be excluded, for in Chinese, their pronunciations, respectively "ji", "yu" and "doufu," mean auspiciousness, abundance and richness. After the dinner, the whole family will sit together, chatting and watching TV. In recent years, the Spring Festival party broadcast on China Central Television Station (CCTV) is essential entertainment for the Chinese both at home and abroad. According to custom, each family will stay up to see the New Year in.
Waking up on New Year, everybody dresses up. First they extend greetings to their parents. Then each child will get money as a New Year gift, wrapped up in red paper. People in northern China will eat jiaozi, or dumplings, for breakfast, as they think "jiaozi" in sound means "bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the new". Also, the shape of the dumpling is like gold ingot from ancient China. So people eat them and wish for money and treasure.
Southern Chinese eat niangao (New Year cake made of glutinous rice flour) on this occasion, because as a homophone, niangao means "higher and higher, one year after another." The first five days after the Spring Festival are a good time for relatives, friends, and classmates as well as colleagues to exchange greetings, gifts and chat leisurely.
Burning fireworks was once the most typical custom on the Spring Festival. People thought the spluttering sound could help drive away evil spirits. However, such an activity was completely or partially forbidden in big cities once the government took security, noise and pollution factors into consideration. As a replacement, some buy tapes with firecracker sounds to listen to, some break little balloons to get the sound too, while others buy firecracker handicrafts to hang in the living room.
The lively atmosphere not only fills every household, but permeates to streets and lanes. A series of activities such as lion dancing, dragon lantern dancing, lantern festivals and temple fairs will be held for days. The Spring Festival then comes to an end when the Lantern Festival is finished.
China has 56 ethnic groups. Minorities celebrate their Spring Festival almost the same day as the Han people, and they have different customs